The Niskanen Center’s immigration agenda begins with the premise that immigration yields economic and social benefits for the United States. It is also one of the best global anti-poverty policies: Orderly migration reduces human suffering, while enhancing global stability, security, and peace. Pursuing innovative, pragmatic reforms will ensure the U.S. immigration system continues to benefit the American people, immigrants, and the global community.
Republican and Democratic senators have also proposed legislation that attempts to deal with the increase of migrants from Central America and improve cooperative efforts with Mexico. None hit the nail on the head, but each proposes useful changes that are—at least in some way—related to asylum.
A durable solution requires creativity, intentional cooperation with Mexico, recognizing the historical roots of violence in Central America and acknowledging that applying for asylum is a human right enshrined in international law.
The Conrad 30 program waives a requirement for doctors on the J-1 visa to return to their home country for a minimum of three years after completing their residency. Instead, they can remain in the United States by working in an underserved community for three years.
Our analysis of the current situation on the southwest border and our resultant recommendations are guided by a strong belief in border security—including a border wall where practical—that uses technology and infrastructure to effectively combat drug-and-human trafficking and safely accommodate asylum seekers.